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Gardening Carolina

Appalachian Mountains,Piedmont and the Coastal areas.

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South Carolina Planting Chart


Season of Planting

The time at which vegetables are planted outdoors depends on the cold hardiness of a particular species or cultivar. Vegetables can be divided into two categories based on temperature requirements: cool-season and warm-season crops.

Cool-season vegetables originated in temperate climates and have their favorable growth period during the cool parts of the year. Cool-season crops grow poorly in summer heat. Though cool-season crops continue to grow well past the earliest freeze in the fall, they should be started early enough to mature before hard freezes are expected.

Warm-season crops primarily came from subtropical and tropical regions and require warm weather for seed germination and plant growth. They are injured or killed by freezing temperatures and should not be planted outdoors in the spring without protection or until the danger of freezing temperatures is past. Warm-season crops planted in the summer to mature in the fall should be planted early enough so they can be harvested before the killing freeze in the fall.

To determine when to plant cool- and warm-season vegetables in South Carolina, refer to Table 1. Knowing the number of days required to reach maturity, a gardener could determine the appropriate planting time for seeds and transplants by using the average dates of the first and last freezes in their area.


Piedmont: Abbeville, Anderson, Cherokee, Chester, Edgefield, Fairfield, Greenville, Greenwood, Lancaster, Laurens, McCormick, Newberry, Oconee, Pickens, Saluda, Spartanburg, Union and York counties.
Central: Aiken, Allendale, Bamberg, Barnwell, Calhoun, Chesterfield, Clarendon, Darlington, Dillon, Florence, Kershaw, Lee, Lexington, Marion, Marlboro, Orangeburg, Richland and Sumter counties.
Coastal: Beaufort, Berkeley, Charleston, Colleton, Dorchester, Georgetown, Hampton, Horry, Jasper and Williamsburg counties.

Table 1. Planting Chart — Dates to Plant in South Carolina

Piedmont Central Coastal
Vegetable Spring Fall Spring Fall Spring Fall
1 Transplant plants.
2 For longer harvest season, plant at intervals during suggested dates.
3 Seed potatoes for July planting and fall harvest may have to be mailed-ordered (usually unavailable from local garden supply stores).
Excerpeted from South Carolina Master Gardener Training Manual.
Asparagus Early Feb.-
Late Mar. (crowns)
Late Jan.-
Early Feb. (crowns)
Early Jan.-
Late Feb. (crowns)
Beans, Snap Apr. 15-30 Aug. 1-15 Apr. 1-15 Aug. 5-20 Mar. 15-30 Aug. 15-30
Beans, Pole Apr. 15-30 July 15-25 Apr. 5-20 July 20-30 Mar. 20-30 Aug. 1-10
Beans, Half-runner Apr. 15-30 Aug. 1-15 Apr. 1-15 Aug. 5-20 Mar. 15-30 Aug. 15-30
Beans, Lima May 1-15 July 1-15 Apr. 5-20 July 20-30 Mar. 20-30 Aug. 1-10
Beans, Pole Lima May 1-15 July 1-15 Apr. 5-30 July 15-20 Mar. 20-
Apr. 15
July 20-30
Beans, Edible Soy May 10-
June 15
May 10-
July 1
May 10-
July 15
Beets March 1-30 Aug. 1-15 Feb. 1-28 Aug. 1-20 Dec. 15-
Jan 30
Aug. 1-20
Broccoli1 Mar. 1-15 July 1-30 Feb. 20-
Mar. 10
July 20-
Aug. 15
Feb. 15-
Mar. 1

Aug. 10-
Sept. 15

Brussels Sprouts July 15-
Aug. 15
Aug. 1-15 Aug. 1-15
Cabbage1 Feb. 15-
Apr. 1
July 1-30 Jan. 15-
Mar. 1
July 25-
Aug. 10
Dec. 1-
Jan 15
Aug. 1-15
Cantaloupe & Honeydew Apr. 15-
May 15
June 15-30 Apr. 1-15 Mar. 10-
Apr. 10
Carrots Mar. 1-15 July 1-30 Feb. 10-28 Aug. 1-15 Dec. 15-
Jan 30
Aug. 1-20
Cauliflower1 Mar. 1-15 July 1-15 July 25-
Aug. 10
Aug. 1-20
Collards July 1-
Aug. 30
Feb. 25-
Mar. 20
July 15-
Aug. 15
Feb. 20-
Mar. 15
Aug. 1-25
Cucumbers Apr. 15-
May 15
July 1-15 Apr. 1-15 Aug. 1-10 Mar. 20-30 Aug. 1-20
Eggplant1 May 1-15 July 1-15 Apr. 10-25 July 10-20 Mar. 25-Apr.10 July 20-25
Garlic Sept. 1-
Oct. 30
Sept. 15-
Nov. 15
Oct. 1-
Nov. 30
Kale Aug. 15-
Sept. 15
Aug. 15-
Sept. 15
Aug. 15-
Sept. 15
Lettuce Mar. 1-15 Aug. 15-25 Feb. 1-28 Aug. 15-25 Dec. 20-
Feb. 5
Aug. 15-25
Mustard2 Feb. 1-
Mar. 15
Aug. 15-
Sept. 15
Jan. 15-
Feb. 25
Aug. 15-
Oct. 1
Jan. 1-
Feb. 25
Aug. 15-
Oct. 1
Onion, Sets Mar. 1-30 Sept. 1-
Oct. 30
Feb. 15-
Mar. 15
Sept. 15-
Nov. 15
Feb. 1-
Mar. 1
Oct. 1-
Nov. 30
Onion, Plants Mar. 1-30 Feb. 15-
Mar. 15
Feb. 1-
Mar. 1
Onion, Seeds Sept. 15-
Oct. 15

Oct. 1-
Oct. 30

Okra May 1-15 June 15-30 Apr. 10-30 June 15-30 Apr. 1-20 June 15-
June 30
Peanuts May 1-15 Apr. 15-
May 15
Apr. 25-
May 15
Peas, Garden Feb. 1-15 Jan. 20-30 Jan. 10-20
Peas, Southern May 1-
June 30
Apr. 10-30 June 20-30 Mar. 25-
Apr. 15
Aug. 1-10
Pepper1 May 1-30 July 20-25 Apr. 5-25 July 15-25 Mar. 25-
Apr. 10
July 20-25
Potatoes, Irish Mar. 15-30 July 1-153 Feb. 20-
Mar. 10
July 15-303 Feb. 1-15 July 15-303
Potatoes, Sweet May 10-
June 10
May 1-
June 15
Apr. 15-
July 1
Pumpkins June 1-15 June 15-30 July 1-15
Radish2 Feb. 15-
Mar. 15
Sept. 1-30 Feb. 1-28 Sept. 1-
Oct. 25
Jan. 1-Mar. 1 Sept. 1-
Nov. 1
Rutabaga Aug. 1-20 July 25-
Aug. 10
Aug. 1-20
Spinach2 Feb. 15-
Mar. 15
Sept. 15-30 Feb. 1-28 Sept. 15-
Oct. 20
Jan. 1-
Feb. 25
Sept 15-
Nov. 10
Sweet Corn2 Apr. 15-30 Mar. 20-
Apr. 30
Mar. 10-
Apr. 30
Squash, Summer Apr. 15-
May 15
July 1-20 Apr. 1-20 Aug. 1-15 Mar. 20-
Apr. 10
Aug. 10-25
Squash, Winter Apr. 20-
May 15
Apr. 15-30 Mar. 20-
Apr. 10
Aug. 10-25
Tomato1 May 1-
May 30
July 10-20 Apr. 5-25 July 10-20 Mar. 25-
Apr. 10
July 25-30
Turnips2 Feb. 20-
Apr. 1
Sept. 1-15 Feb. 1-
Mar. 10
Aug. 1-Oct. 1 Jan. 1-Mar. 1 Aug. 25-
Oct. 15
Watermelon Apr. 20-
June 30
Apr. 1-30 June 15-30 Mar. 25-
Table 2. Vegetables Planting Chart

Vegetable
Seed
(100-foot row)
Row Spacing
(inches)
Planting Depth
(inches)
Approximate
Days to Harvest
*Transplants
Asparagus 36 x 18 4 crowns 2 years
Beans, Snap ¾ pound 36 x 2 1 50-60
Beans, Pole ½ pound 36 x 4 1 60-70
Beans, Half Runner ½ pound 36 x 2 1 55-65
Beans, Lima ¾ pound 36 x 3 65-75
Beans, Pole Lima ½ pound 36 x 6 70-75
Beans, Edible Soy ½ pound 36 x 3 1 60-70
Beets ½ ounce 30 x 2 ¾ 50-60
Broccoli ½ ounce 36 x 18 ½ 60-70
Brussels Sprouts ½ ounce 36 x 18 ½ 90-100
Cabbage* ½ ounce 36 x 12 3 60-80
Cantaloupe 1 ounce 60 x 24 1 75-85
Carrots ¼ ounce 30 x 1 ¼ 60-70
Cauliflower ¼ ounce 36 x 18 ½ 60-70
Collards ½ ounce 36 x 8 ½ 60-70
Cucumbers 1 ounce 60 x 12 1 50-60
Eggplant* 36 x 18 3 70-80
Kale ½ ounce 36 x 1 ½ 50-55
Lettuce, Leaf ¼ ounce 30 x 2 ½ 40-70
Lettuce, Head ⅛ ounce 30 x 12 ¼ 30-50
Mustard ½ ounce 30 x 2
½ 40-60
Onions, Green 1 quart 30 x 2 1½ sets 35-45
Onions, Bulb ½ ounce 30 x 3 ½ seed 100-120
Okra 1 ounce 36 x 9 ¾ 60-70
Peanuts ¼ pound 30 x 4 100-120
Peas, Garden 1 pound 36 x 1 65-80
Peas, Southern ½ pound 46 x 4 75-85
Pepper* 36 x 18 3 60-70
Potatoes, Irish 12 pounds 36 x 12 3 90-110
Potatoes, Sweet* 36 x 8 3 120
Radish ½ ounce 24 x 1 ½ 25-30
Rutabaga ½ ounce 36 x 12 ¾ 100-110
Spinach 1 ounce 30 x 2 ½ 50-60
Sweet Corn 4 ounce 36 x 10 1 80-95
Squash, Summer 1 ounce 36 x 15 1 50-60
Squash, Winter ½ ounce 60 x 48 90-120
Tomato* 60 x 24 4 70-80
Turnips ¼ ounce 30 x 2 ½ 60-70
Watermelon ½ ounce 60 x 60 80-100

Excerpted from the South Carolina Master Gardener Training Manual, EC 678

 

 



 

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