Bee Balm
Monarda didyma

Bee Balm is an excellent plant for th Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plains. You can find this perennial in shades of red, rose, pink, violet, white. This plant prefers moist soil and full sun to partial shade.

This is a great background plant in your flower bed as it reaches 24-48' tall. Bee-balm is native to the North Carolina mountains and may be seen along the Blue Ridge Parkway flowering in summer. Once in your garden this flowering plant will multiply and provide ones garden with years of pleasure and color.

monarda

During the summer bloom time cut or deadhead old spent flowers to encourage new growth and flowering. At the end of summer as the flowers begin to fade leave some of the flower heads to dry on the plant and drop seed for next year. Division of the plant can be done in the spring or allow seeds to fall to the ground for more plants in your garden. Monarda is often used in beds and borders to encourage and increase the appearance of hummingbirds, pollinating insects. This is an excellent plant for naturalized areas.

Bee balm spreads rapidly via underground stems or stolons. In addition, the centers of the clumps often die out within a few years. To control their spread and rejuvenate the plants, it's usually necessary to dig and divide bee balms every 2 to 3 years. Dig up the root clump in the early spring, discard the older, inner portions, divide the remaining parts and re-plant the new divisions 12 to 15 inches apart.

Season of Bloom
Summer
Height
24-48 inches
Hardiness USDA
Hardiness Zone 4-9
Flower Color
red, rose, pink, violet, white
Soil
Well drained, moist soil conditions.
Exposure
Full Sun
Propagation
Seed or division in spring


Diseases:

Rust, root and crown rot.  This plant is also susceptible to powdery mildew and rust if the soil is overly dry and the air circulation is poor.
Leaves infected with the fungus will begin to brown, wilt and drop prematurely from the plant. If not treated, powdery mildew will prove fatal to bee balm plants

.
Pests:

Mites
feed on monarda plants and can stunt and distort the upper growth, especially late in the growing season.

Nematodes
feed on the small roots, causing them to turn brown.